Together with its industry partners, the Foundation for Sustainable Energy (FNEZ) has already organized the international conference for the third time, during which the impact of the offshore wind energy may have on development of the Polish economy will be discussed.
Discussions during the conference confirmed that the development of offshore wind energy (OWE) and Polish production capacities for offshore wind market are a fact. The participants agreed that the 6 GW OWE potential until 2030, estimated by FNEZ in 2013 (report) and confirmed in further expert studies (McKinsey & Company), is achievable and will contribute to the development and increasing competitiveness of the Polish offshore energy industry.
Polish shipyard companies can produce towers and foundations and can increase their production capacities. Polish installation vessels are used to build offshore wind farms abroad and the demand for new vessels reach few dozen. Polish submarine cables where used in over 70% of existing offshore wind farms.
The OWE sector is experiencing a very dynamic development of new technologies and installation as well as servicing standards which enables for a rapid reduction of costs of electricity generation by offshore wind farms. The offshore wind farms in Poland will produce at a cost not higher than 80-90 Euro/MWh, guaranteeing competitiveness in the energy market.
The current state of development of offshore wind energy in Poland includes:
- 14 granted location decisions for projects of total capacity of approx. 8 GW,
- signed connection contracts for 2,25 GW with connection dates in 2021 (900 MW) and 2026 (1,35 GW),
- obtained environmental permit for project of total capacity of 1,2 GW,
- advanced stages of EIA for 1,2 GW,
- advanced stage of environmental studies for projects of total capacity of approx. 1,5 GW.
Key postulates from the discussions:
- The government and parliament should open, as soon as possible, a dialogue with the offshore industry, focusing on the following issues:
- promoting the Polish manufacturing sector dedicated to offshore wind,
- the role of offshore wind energy in Polish marine areas in creating the market for off-shore wind energy companies, especially for the Polish shipbuilding sector,
- bringing stability, transparency and certainty to further development of OWE projects,
- the use of OWE potential in negotiations of the European „winter package”,
- taking into account in the Polish energy poli-cy 2050 that offshore wind energy will have reached minimum 6 GW,
- increase of connection capabilities for OWE projects.
- The OWE and maritime sectors should undertake joint action in order to promote Polish capabilities and potential. It is imperative to:
- further develop collaboration under the „Memorandum of understanding of the Polish offshore wind energy sector” bringing together representatives of the domestic manufacturers and investors keen on devel-oping offshore wind energy,
- raise awareness of offshore wind energy among general public, especially to dispel myths and false perceptions as to: very high costs of energy generation by OWFs, negative impact of OWFs on the power system, conflict between offshore wind energy and other power generation technologies in Poland, such as nuclear, negative impact of OWFs on the marine environment and local communities, es-pecially fisheries and tourism, promote economic benefits resulting from the development of offshore wind energy, especially its positive impact on many sectors of the economy and on sustainable develop-ment of coastal regions.
- There is an urgent need to amend the existing legislation regulating offshore wind farms so that it enables investment-related decisions and project development:
- introduction of a power demand schedule several years out, where dates and volumes of auctions will be indicated,
- taking into account the market reality of auc-tions for OWFs, namely the small number of projects with terms of connection already granted, which will not guarantee compliance with the competitiveness requirement,
- adjustment of the erroneous provision in the Law on Renewable Energy Sources, thus ad-mitting to auctions OWFs with valid environ-mental decisions instead of building permits,
- unification of expiry dates of permits granted to OWFs grounded in different laws,
- creation of mechanisms stimulating further development of OWF projects with valid permits to erect and exploit artificial islands, instead of terms of grid connection,
- support for the „local content” through sys-temic boost of competitiveness of Polish sup-plies and services for domestic OWFs.